About Sumy

Sumy (Ukrainian: Суми [ˈsumɪ], Russian: Сумы) is a city on the Psel River in Ukraine, and the capital of the Sumy Oblast. As of 2004, the city’s population is 283,700. It is served by Sumy Airport. HISTORY: Sumy was founded in 1652 at the bank of the Psel River (a left tributary of the Dnieper) as a Cossack fortress. It was intended to protect Sloboda Ukraine from the Crimean Tatar attacks. After their attacksСуми._Sumy._1897 discontinued and the territory was incorporated into the Russian Empire, Sumy evolved into an important economical centre. During the German occupation of Ukraine during World War II (1941 – 1943), Sumy sustained heavy damage. The war over, destroyed parts of the city were rebuilt anew. Sumy has been a twin town of Celle, Germany since January 17, 1990. The city used to be divided into two city raions (districts): Zarichny and Kovpak. However, they were liquidated in 2006. DEMOGRAPHY: 1897 – 70.53% Ukrainians, 24.1% Russians, 2.6% Jewish, 2.67% others 1926 – 80.7% Ukrainians, 11.8% Russians, 5.5% Jewish, 2% others 1959 – 79% Ukrainians, 20% Russians, 1% others.412px-Trinity_Cathedral_in_Sumy The majority of residents are Christians  (Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholics and  Protestants) There is also a Jewish  minority. From the beginning of 20th century,  when in 1901 the Blessed Virgin Mary  Annunciation Church was founded in  Sumy, the town had become the center of  North-East Ukrainian Catholicism. After its consecration in 1911 and closing  down by the authorities in two decades,    the temple was used for non-religious      purposes. The temple was restored as a Roman Catholic parish in May 1994, after the disintegration of the Soviet Union, and it was reconsecrated in spring 1998. SPORTS: Sumy was formerly home to the Ukrainian First League football team FC Spartak Sumy (now defunct).The Ukrainian Premier League football club FC Kharkiv are currently leasing the city’s state-of-the-art Yuvileiny Stadium.
WEATHER: Sumy is located in the northeastern part of Ukraine. So its weather is similar to that in Kharkov. Sumy’s climate is moderate continental: cold and snowy winters, and hot summers. The seasonal average temperatures are not too cold in winter, not too hot in summer: −6.9 °C (19.6 °F) in January, and 20.3 °C (68.5 °F) in July. The average rainfall totals 513 mm (20 in) per year, with the most in June and July.

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